Being a hollow muscular organ that is located in the pelvis, the bladder is responsible for holding the urine. Cancer in the bladder is a malignant growth inside the urinary bladder. It results in the development of abnormal cells inside the bladder. These cells multiply beyond control. This disease starts in the inside lining of the bladder. It is called transitional cell carcinoma.
What Are the Symptoms of Bladder Cancer?
One of the symptoms of bladder cancer is the appearance of blood in the urine. This blood can be visible using a microscope or as well to the naked eye. Other signs that you may have bladder cancer could be frequent urination, pain when urinating, the feeling of having to urinate but being unable to. These indications can also be due to other diseases and are not necessarily a sign of bladder cancer. In conclusion, it is best to go and get it examined by a doctor and have your symptoms properly diagnosed.
How is Bladder Cancer Diagnosed?
The first diagnostic methods for cancer bladder are cystoscopy and bladder biopsy. In the first case, the bladder is inspected with an instrument that resembles a telescope. The treatment for bladder cancer is determined after considering a variety of factors such as age, health status, and the state of disease. The treatment preferred by most doctors is surgery. The state of cancer has to be known before beginning any treatment. If the infection is superficial, as in the case of an infection in the lining of the bladder, a trans-urethral resection, and an intra-vesicle pharmacotherapy treatment are usually recommended. In case there are big bladder tumors, the bladder gets surgically removed, and a urinary diversion is used.
The Treatment of Bladder Cancer
The treatment for bladder cancer is aimed at eradicating the illness, in case the cancer is superficial. This way, deep infections are avoided, and the occurrence of tumors is prevented. Superficial tumors that appear because of the bladder cancer can reoccur after six or 12 months of the treatment with trans-urethral re-sectioning. It’s why immunomodulatory drugs and intravascular pharmacotherapy treatments are effectively applied. They reduce the recurrence rate of superficial bladder cancer. The standard method of bladder cancer invading the muscular layers is the complete removal of the bladder. This way, the bladder, seminal, and prostate vesicles, and lymph nodes are removed. For the urinary flow to be managed, a urinary diversion is created.
Often, cancer in the bladder is associated with old age. It is usually diagnosed in people after 60 years. However, there are a significant number of people under 60 years who have been diagnosed with bladder cancer. Men are at a higher risk of developing bladder cancer than women.