Preventing TB in Armenia and the Middle East
Tuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious
bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium
tuberculosis, which most commonly affects
the lungs. It is transmitted from person to
person via droplets from the throat and
lungs of people with the active respiratory
healthy people, infection with Mycobacterium
tuberculosis often causes no symptoms, since
the personвЂ™s immune system acts to вЂњwall
offвЂќ the bacteria. The symptoms of active TB
of the lung are coughing, sometimes with
sputum or blood, chest pains, weakness,
weight loss, fever and night sweats.
Tuberculosis is treatable with a six-month
course of antibiotics.
is a major health issue in Armenia due to
malnutrition and poor hygiene. The
government of Armenia has done its utmost to
contain and prevent TB infections. It helps
with its limited resources by providing
medication and diagnostic centers. AMF has
complemented this effort by providing aid to
the TB centers in Armenia and Kharabagh.
Currently, there are one major TB hospitals
in each of the Marzes and a total of 70
ambulatory cabinets in the surrounding
villages. Doctors from the Marzes come to
Yerevan for training and seminars.
Facts About TB in Armenia
2005, there were 2,000 new cases. In
2006, it has dropped to 1,500. Out of
that number, 750 patients had children.
Assuming each family has two children,
it adds up to 1500 children exposed to
TB. Dilijan can handle 500 children a
year. The average stay is 50 days. As a
result of our effort to double DilijanвЂ™s
capacity, it can now handle 1,000
children a year (still not enough).
Guided by our mission, AMF has greatly
reduced and prevented at least 500
children from being exposed or infected
medication is provided by a global
organization called GDDF. Germany
donates the medication and GDDF
distributes it to Armenia.
organization called EURO TB donated 10
mobile florographs? to Armenia. They
have one in each of the main hospitals
in the 10 Marzs (counties). There are 70
TB cabinets all over Armenia. Groups of
doctors from different cabinets come to
Yerevan periodically for training and
seminars on TB.